12th August 2022
12th August 2022

Eco Industrial Park

Gujarat Cleaner Production Centre (GCPC) is an Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre working on Cleaner Production and Technology since year 2003 under Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India.

The Begining of Eco industrial Estate & Networks


The concept of the “Industrial Estate” was emerged at the end of nineteenth century, to promote, plan and manage industrial development. Since 1970s, there has been massive increase in the number of estates worldwide. Industrial Estates are the drivers of industrialization and prosperity and can foster rapid economic development, on the same time it lead to resource depletion and massive pollution. To overcome this issue, the concept of ‘Eco Industrial Parks’ has been evolved during, The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), Rio de Janeiro, 1992. The first evidence of the concept of eco-industrial park surfaced in the year 1989 at Kalundborg, Denmark and it picked up momentum since 1993.

Eco Industrial Parks are a promising strategy to promote ‘sustainable industrial development’ and to improve industrial environmental performance in terms of management of materials, energy and waste. It is one of the strategies to implement the concept of ‘Industrial Ecology’ by inter-company collaboration.

The Definition of Eco Industrial Estate & Networks

“Eco Industrial Estate & Networks refers to a Sustainable Industrial development based on the balance of the economy,the environment,society,legal Compliance and technological possibilities by:”

3 Step EIP Approach


Industry Level- Conduct Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) assessment at individual industries, to improve environmental performance of industries.


Industrial Park / Estate Level-Planning of New common environmental infrastructures and to apply RECP tools at estate level.

Industrial Symbiosis

To develop a strong network (synergies) for exchanging and utilizing waste as resource between industries; to avoid waste disposal and treatment issues. Read More

Aspects to be considered during Eco Industrial Park development

Physical Aspect

Economic Aspect

Social Aspect

Management Aspect

Observable Outputs


1.Eco Efficiency
   a.Resource management
   b.Energy management
2. Production Process &Product
   a.Production System and Product
3. Pollution control
   a.Water Pollution
   b.Air Pollution
   d.Noise, Odourdust, smoke pollutions ,anonuisances
4. Safety and Health
    a.Safety & Health
5. Industrial Symbiosis
    a.Business linkages / inter utilization /                     industrial symbiosis management

1.Expanded local business opportunities
2.More and better career oppurtunities.
3.Minimise impact on infrastructure.
4.Enhanced quality of life.
5.Improved aesthetics.

1.Continuous environmental improvement
2.Better resource use
3.Reduced waste
4.Innovative environmental solutions
5.Increased protection of natural ecosystems
6.More efficient use of natural resources

1.Higher profitability
2.Enhanced market and public image
3.High performance workplaces
4.Improved efficiency
5.Regulatory flexibility
6.Reduction in operating costs (energy and materials)
7.Reduction in disposal costs
8.Income from sale of by-products
9.Reduction of environmental liability

Recent initiative taken by Gujarat Cleaner Production Centre for developing eco-industrial parks at Dahej and Nandesari in the state of Gujarat, India

To foster eco industrial parks development in the state of Gujarat , Gujarat Cleaner Production Centre (GCPC) and United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) initiated a pilot project on ‘Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) to foster Eco-Industrial Parks Development in India’; with aim to improve ‘Resource Efficiency’ and ‘Environmental Performance’ of the industries. It is our pleasure to inform you this is the first time when UNIDO is directly getting involved in Eco-Industrial Parks Development project in India. GCPC and UNIDO have together identified two industrial estates for the execution of the project ‘Dahej’ and ‘Nandesari’, Gujarat.

The project focuses on developing ‘Industrial Symbiosis’ between the industries. Industrial Symbiosis is the method where industries can efficiently utilize the available resources and exchange their wastes which can also be used as by-products.

The expected outcomes of the project will be the reduction of the environmental pollution, creation of sustainable business opportunities through resource efficiency.