The concept of the “Industrial Estate” was emerged at the end of nineteenth century, to promote, plan and manage industrial development. Since 1970s, there has been massive increase in the number of estates worldwide. Industrial Estates are the drivers of industrialization and prosperity and can foster rapid economic development, on the same time it lead to resource depletion and massive pollution. To overcome this issue, the concept of ‘Eco Industrial Parks’ has been evolved during, The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), Rio de Janeiro, 1992. The first evidence of the concept of eco-industrial park surfaced in the year 1989 at Kalundborg, Denmark and it picked up momentum since 1993.
Eco Industrial Parks are a promising strategy to promote ‘sustainable industrial development’ and to improve industrial environmental performance in terms of management of materials, energy and waste. It is one of the strategies to implement the concept of ‘Industrial Ecology’ by inter-company collaboration.
“Eco Industrial Estate & Networks refers to a Sustainable Industrial development based on the balance of the economy,the environment,society,legal Compliance and technological possibilities by:”
2. Production Process &Product
a.Production System and Product
3. Pollution control
d.Noise, Odourdust, smoke pollutions ,anonuisances
4. Safety and Health
a.Safety & Health
5. Industrial Symbiosis
a.Business linkages / inter utilization / industrial symbiosis management
1.Expanded local business opportunities
2.More and better career oppurtunities.
3.Minimise impact on infrastructure.
4.Enhanced quality of life.
1.Continuous environmental improvement
2.Better resource use
4.Innovative environmental solutions
5.Increased protection of natural ecosystems
6.More efficient use of natural resources
2.Enhanced market and public image
3.High performance workplaces
6.Reduction in operating costs (energy and materials)
7.Reduction in disposal costs
8.Income from sale of by-products
9.Reduction of environmental liability
To foster eco industrial parks development in the state of Gujarat , Gujarat Cleaner Production Centre (GCPC) and United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) initiated a pilot project on ‘Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) to foster Eco-Industrial Parks Development in India’; with aim to improve ‘Resource Efficiency’ and ‘Environmental Performance’ of the industries. It is our pleasure to inform you this is the first time when UNIDO is directly getting involved in Eco-Industrial Parks Development project in India. GCPC and UNIDO have together identified two industrial estates for the execution of the project ‘Dahej’ and ‘Nandesari’, Gujarat.
The project focuses on developing ‘Industrial Symbiosis’ between the industries. Industrial Symbiosis is the method where industries can efficiently utilize the available resources and exchange their wastes which can also be used as by-products.
The expected outcomes of the project will be the reduction of the environmental pollution, creation of sustainable business opportunities through resource efficiency.